Digestive system abnormal

DOGS

What are gastrointestinal (GI) and digestive disorders?

Gastrointestinal (GI) conditions and diseases affecting a dog’s stomach and intestines and resulting in pain and other complications. Any ailment that disturb the digestive tract by reducing the digestion or absorption of food, or altering its passage through the digestive tract, can be named a digestive disorder. A healthy digestion is very important for dogs to be able to use the nutrients from the food for fixing the old tissues, for manufacturing new tissues but also for obtaining energy. Dehydration, acid-base and electrolyte imbalances and malnutrition are consequences of GI conditions. Thus it is important to recognize the signs and consult with your veterinary surgeon.

 

Types and causes of gastrointestinal and digestive disorders in dogs

There is a wide range of digestive disorders so your veterinary surgeon may perform examinations to find out the exact origin of your dog’s problem. Causes can range from eating something other than dog food, to food allergies / intolerance, infections, or lack of digestive enzymes. Some breeds, such as Great Danes, German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers and Collies, are more prone to particular digestive problems. Commonly diagnosed conditions include:

Acute gastroenteritis: Inflammation or infection of the gastrointestinal tract, primarily the stomach and intestines. Acute gastroenteritis is usually temporary, caused by swallowing foreign objects, internal parasites,  a dog eating spoiled or rancid food, eating toxic plants, high-fat people food, stress, food allergies or substances not intended as dog food.

Colitis: Colitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the mucosa lining the colon. It is most commonly caused by whipworms (a parasite), tumours or new formations,  a change in food, allergies (including food allergies), swallowed foreign objects and many other diseases. Colitis is frequently met in dogs under the age of 5 and causes inflammation of the large intestine resulting in frequent, painful passing of faeces. Diarrhoea may contain mucus and blood.

Constipation: This has various causes, including lack of exercise, dehydration or swallowing indigestible materials (bones, foreign objects) or low fibre foods.

Diarrhoea: May be caused by infections, internal parasites, stress, the change of food, rich snacks, consumption of spoiled food from the garbage or dysfunction of body organ.

Pancreatitis: An inflammation or infection of the pancreas (an elongated, tapered gland that is located behind the stomach). The causes are commonly less unknown. Potential causes may be feeding foods high in fat or rich table foods, infections, disease or trauma.

Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency: This disorder manifests itself by weight loss, increased appetite and large amounts of soft faeces.

Malabsorption of small intestinal: Inflammation of the small intestine reduces the nutrient absorption and results in loss of appetite, persistent diarrhoea and weight loss .

 

Does my dog have a digestive condition?

The most usual signs of gastrointestinal conditions are soft stools or diarrhoea. If your dog has gastrointestinal issues, you may also observe some or all of the next signs:

  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea/Constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Regurgitation
  • Flatulence

The chronic GI conditions can be a debilitating problem for many dogs and requires testing and a thorough diagnosis from your veterinarian.

If your dog has diarrhoea or is vomiting, he may become seriously dehydrated. Please consult your veterinary surgeon if you notice any of the signs above.

The importance of nutrition

GI conditions are pretty common and most clear up within a few days. But some dogs need long-term management because they have regular or permanent digestive problems.

The food you give to your dog can have a important impact on his GI tract health. The nutritional approaches could be recommended depending on the specific diagnosis and the signs/symptoms. The main purpose is to diminish your dog’s symptoms of vomiting and/or diarrhoea. Veterinarians recommend feeding dogs with this condition a food that is highly digestible to help prevent irritation to his sensitive stomach and intestines. Also, high-soluble and insoluble fibre foods combined with moderate fat levels help support your dog’s intestine to function properly. It is also important to monitor your dog’s hydration during the recovery phase to help correct any fluid deficiencies.

Because several of these gastrointestinal conditions may be ongoing, long-term nutritional management of the disorder may be required. For accurate diagnosis and treatment options, always consult your veterinarian for a recommendation of the best food for your dog’s digestive health.

 

CATS

What are gastrointestinal and digestive disorders?

Gastrointestinal (GI) conditions and diseases affecting a cat’s stomach and intestines and resulting in pain and other complications. Any ailment that disturb the digestive tract by reducing the digestion or absorption of food, or altering its passage through the digestive tract, can be named a digestive disorder. Some of these conditions use to heal itself and disappear in few days but other require specific treatment.

A healthy digestion is very important for cats to be able to use the nutrients from the food for fixing the old tissues, for manufacturing new tissues but also for obtaining energy. Dehydration, acid-base and electrolyte imbalances and malnutrition are consequences of GI conditions. Thus it is important to recognize the signs and consult with your veterinary surgeon.

What are the types and causes of digestive disorders?

There is a wide range of digestive disorders so your veterinary surgeon may perform examinations to find out the exact origin of your cat’s problem. Causes can range from eating something other than cat food, to food allergies / intolerance, infections, or lack of digestive enzymes. Some cat breeds such as Sphynx, Rex and Ragdoll, are more prone to particular digestive problems. Your veterinarian may carry out tests to determine the exact cause of your cat’s GI problem.

Commonly diagnosed conditions include:

Acute gastroenteritis: Inflammation or infection of the gastrointestinal tract, primarily the stomach and intestines. Acute gastroenteritis is usually temporary, caused by swallowing foreign objects, consuming of exotic plants, internal parasites, eating toxic plants, high-fat people food, stress, food allergies or certain diseases.

Colitis: Colitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the mucosa lining the colon. It is most commonly caused by whipworms (a parasite), tumours or new formations,  a change in food, allergies (including food allergies), swallowed foreign objects and many other diseases. Colitis is frequently met in cats under the age of 5 and causes inflammation of the large intestine resulting in frequent, painful passing of faeces. Diarrhoea may contain mucus and blood.

Constipation: This has various causes, including lack of exercise, dehydration or swallowing indigestible materials (hair, bones, foreign objects), spinal cord disease, large bowel nervous disorders, trauma or fractures, aging, metabolic or endocrine disorders and debilitation or low fibre foods.

Diarrhoea: May be caused by infections, internal parasites, stress, the change of food, rich snacks, consumption of spoiled food from the garbage or dysfunction of body organ.

Pancreatitis: An inflammation or infection of the pancreas (an elongated, tapered gland that is located behind the stomach). The causes are commonly less unknown. Potential causes may be reduced blood flow (due to dehydration, or other diseases) infections, disease or trauma

Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency: This disorder manifests itself by weight loss, increased appetite and large amounts of soft faeces. The most common cause is chronic pancreatitis

Malabsorption of small intestinal: Inflammation of the small intestine reduces the nutrient absorption and results in loss of appetite, persistent diarrhoea and weight loss .

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Frequently associated with chronic inflammation and discomfort of a cat’s bowels, but is not directly linked to gastrointestinal disease. Some supposed causes contain food intolerances and the capacity of the cat food to efficiently go through the digestive tract. The stressful situations can also be a cause for this condition.

 

Does my cat have a digestive condition?

The most usual signs of gastrointestinal conditions are soft stools or diarrhoea. If your dog has gastrointestinal issues, you may also observe some or all of the next signs:

  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea/Constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Regurgitation
  • Flatulence

The chronic GI conditions can be a debilitating problem for many dogs and requires testing and a thorough diagnosis from your veterinarian.

If your dog has diarrhoea or is vomiting, he may become seriously dehydrated. Please consult your veterinary surgeon if you notice any of the signs above.

The importance of nutrition

GI conditions are pretty common and most clear up within a few days. But some dogs need long-term management because they have regular or permanent digestive problems.

The food you give to your dog can have a important impact on his GI tract health. The nutritional approaches could be recommended depending on the specific diagnosis and the signs/symptoms. The main purpose is to diminish your dog’s symptoms of vomiting and/or diarrhoea. Veterinarians recommend feeding dogs with this condition a food that is highly digestible to help prevent irritation to his sensitive stomach and intestines. The high-soluble and insoluble fibre foods associated with moderate fat levels help support your cat’s intestine to work correctly. It is also important to monitor your dog’s hydration during the recovery phase to help correct any fluid deficiencies.

Long-term nutritional management of the conditions may be required as several of these gastrointestinal disorders may be ongoing,. For accurate diagnosis and treatment options, always consult your veterinarian for a recommendation of the best food for your cat’s digestive health.